Learner motivation is a complex subject and comprises numerous emotional and intellectual constructs, “such as efficacy, control, interest, values, and goals” (Pintrich, 2003, p. 682).
Schroeder, N. L., & Adesope, O. O. (2014). A systematic review of pedagogical agents’ persona, motivation, and cognitive load implications for learners. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 46(3), 229-251. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1528148573?accountid=7374